Cutting tools and Tree Huggers in the Land of Fairy Tales

– how WWF and IKEA are wedding trade and preservation in Maramureș, Romania, and ensuring a portion of Europe’s final old development woodlands Photographs by iLCP Fellow James Morgan, words by Justin Woolford for WWF. This article is brought to you by the International League of Conservation Photographers (iLCP). Peruse our different articles on the…

This article is brought to you by the International League of Conservation Photographers (iLCP). Peruse our different articles on the National Geographic Voices blog highlighting crafted by our iLCP Fellow Photographers all around the globe.

Beech trees give conceal in the larch nursery, Mara Forest Management Unit. Maramures, Romania.


“On the off chance that you need an admission, I discovered God and His creation, unadulterated nature, in the old development timberland. What’s more, at that point I chose I needed to do everything conceivable to ensure it so my youngsters could see it without a doubt, not simply in books and historical centers.”

Radu Vlad, Romania Forest Co-ordinator, WWF Danube-Carpthaian Program.

Radu Vlad, Forest and Regional Project Co-ordinator for WWF’s Danube-Carpathian Program, cuts a monumental figure, indisputably a man of the Transylvanian woods he’s been crusading to ensure for longer than 10 years. Those in the old district of Maramureș are especially exceptional to him since they contain a lot of Europe’s final old development timberlands.

A Salamander lies on a sign in a beech backwoods, Maramures, Romania.

“We can copy all the books and find the genuine backwoods environment here. It’s a living research center. Everything in balance in a characteristic network. Indeed, even dead wood leaves a legacy and supports life!”

Dead wood gives a basic living space to numerous species in old development backwoods and supports biological system versatility. FSC affirmation favors dead wood maintenance to safeguard biodiversity and solid woodland.

Nothing very sets you up for the magnificence or dynamic quality of the old development woods in Spring, the result of thousands of long stretches of common advancement, everything except liberated from human mediation.

Water beads assemble on a little fly eating sundew blossom in a wetland zone. Maramures, Romania.

Place that is known for WOOD

It’s anything but difficult to perceive any reason why Maramureș is known as the ‘place where there is wood’. Everything is made of it – houses of worship and seats, tables and instruments, stables and extensions, wall and farmhouses.

A conventional house in Sighet Village Museum produced using seventeenth century oak, some portion of the Ethnographic Musuem of Maramures. Romania.

“Individuals used to state the ‘backwoods resembles a sibling’. Each time a tree was a cut, a supplication was said”, says Radu. “We’ve been subject to it for centuries.”

Holy person Parascheva Wooden Church in Desesti, Maramures was announced an UNESCO landmark in 1999.

Go wrong

“Socialism was a brilliant age for timberland the executives in Romania – great standards for the time, exacting enactment and authorization!” says Radu.

Laborers from the Strîmbu-Băiuț Forest Management Unit at their HQ. The backwoods is state possessed and overseen by Romsilva, the state timberland administration and the Forest Management Unit. Maramures, Romania.

Under socialism, woodlands were state-possessed and moderately all around ensured. Its breakdown in 1989 put their future in danger. The test of land compensation during the 1990s set off a blast of proprietorship claims, numerous bogus or expanded, and an emotional increment in unlawful logging. In Maramureș, mining and different ventures fallen, constraining individuals to turn again to the timberland, putting it under tension as at no other time.


Bundle 69A close Poiana Botizii, oversaw by the Strâmbu-Băiuț Forest Management Unit, is secured with 110-year-old beech. It’s up for its originally cut and being collected by Taparo, a Maramureș furniture organization.

Laborers from the Strîmbu-Băiuț Forest Management Unit gathering FSC-guaranteed beech trees.

A group of two men, one using a cutting tool and another a wedge and heavy hammer, fell a tree in seconds that started developing before they were conceived. This is the truth of the working woods whereupon neighborhood jobs and organizations depend.

Gathering FSC-guaranteed fir, Mara Forest Management Unit, Gutin Forest District . Maramures, Romania.

What looks to the undeveloped eye like arbitrary cutting is in certainty fastidiously arranged – the backwoods is autonomously affirmed as dependably oversaw by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).

Florin Mârzac, Head of Strîmbu-Băiuț Forest Management Unit, Maramures, Romania.

“For the main cut we make a ‘negative’ choice of lower quality trees, saving the most significant for the following cut in 10-15 years’ time”, says Florin Mârzac, head of Strâmbu-Băiuț Forest Management Unit. “When of the finished product, the up and coming age of youthful trees are as of now developing – maybe 1.5m tall.”

Laborers from the Strîmbu-Băiuț Forest Management Unit collecting FSC-affirmed beech trees.


Tirelessly advancing capable woodland the executives is vital to WWF’s methodology, in Romania as well as over the entire Carpathian district. FSC confirmation has been a key instrument however it hasn’t been a clear excursion.

Adrian Danci from Mara Forest Management Unit, watches out for seedlings at a larch nursery. Maramures, Romania.

Today in Romania, around 2.6 million ha of state and exclusive network woods are FSC-affirmed, yet minimal over 10 years back, in the stature of the post-socialist chaotic situation, that figure remained close to zero.

Hindered oligotroph tidy tree more than 100 years of age in corrosive marsh woodland wetland. Maramures, Romania.

“In 2006, our greatest test was an absence of comprehension about the need and open door for confirmation. There was no interest and the expense of execution was high,” says Radu.

Understudies from Transilvania University of Brasov, Faculty of Silviculture and Forest Engineering, find out about ranger service the board in Gutin, Maramures, Romania.

Squander NOT, WANT NOT

“We produce something that can be utilized by the entire world–a strong wooden seat.”

Vasilică Muntean is Acquisitions Manager at Plimob, a Romanian furniture maker whose Sarasău industrial facility on the fringe with Ukraine makes 1.5 million IKEA Terje seats each year.

The Plimob furniture production line in Sarasau makes a large number of seats for IKEA consistently. Sighetu Marmatiei, Maramures, Romania.

It’s an ace class in economy of scale and nothing is squandered. Indeed, even sawdust is compacted into a large number of ‘eco’ fuel briquettes.

Eco-Briketts produced using waste side-effect at the Plimob industrial facility in Sarasau are utilized as fire fuel.

“We’ve arrived at 100 percent FSC-confirmed wood”, says Vasilică. “IKEA requested that we do this. Issues happened from the get-go given our providers weren’t affirmed. Be that as it may, we ran joint projects with IKEA to support them.”


When WWF started to advance intentional take-up of FSC confirmation in Romania, Radu realized that without advertise interest for manageability, it would not fly.

The Plimob furniture production line in Sarasau makes a huge number of seats for IKEA consistently. Sighetu Marmatiei, Maramures, Romania.

IKEA’s job has been vital. Its aspiring pledge to getting all timber from increasingly maintainable sources (FSC affirmed or reused) by 2020 has driven take-up of FSC all inclusive. What’s more, in Romania, where IKEA has just met the objective, it’s molded both preservation and ranger service practice in a nation from which the retailer sources 5 percent of all its timber.

“In association with IKEA, we’ve had the option to show woodland administrators and providers the estimation of accreditation,” says Radu.

The Plimob furniture processing plant in Sarasau makes a great many seats for IKEA consistently. Sighetu Marmatiei, Maramures, Romania.


In 2014, WWF, Greenpeace, Romsilva and the National Forest Research and Management Institute proposed the assignment of in excess of 24,000 ha of Romanian old-development beech woods (976 ha in Maramureș) to UNESCO for World Heritage posting.

Florin Mârzac, Head of Strîmbu-Băiuț Forest Management Unit, Maramures, Romania.

Acknowledged by UNESCO in July 2017 and made based on ‘extraordinary general worth’, the quest for posting has been motivated as much by trade as by protection: past building up FSC as a device for good administration, WWF and accomplices have likewise helped dealer concession to FSC Principle 9 criteria for the recognizable proof and the executives of ‘High Conservation Value’ (HCV) woods in Romania. This makes ensuring old development timberland basic to getting FSC confirmation.

Holy person Parascheva Wooden Church in Desesti, Maramures was proclaimed an UNESCO landmark in 1999.

It’s a leap forward in woodland the executives and market-driven preservation that has been point of reference setting for the Carpathian area: however secured old development backwoods produces no income, it makes timber from the timberland units that contain it progressively appealing to purchasers focused on manageable sourcing.

Cultivating families making roughage – some portion of Maramures district’s ‘mosaic’ scene.


“FSC’s quality is its straightforwardness and the immense possibility it offers society to take part in change and assume a valuable job in maintainability. It’s dependent upon us to get everybody included, change attitudes and fabricate a superior future!” says Radu.

Individuals wear customary garments at a celebration celebrating social legacy in Baia Mare, Romania.

Preservation is tied in with cooperating to discover arrangements that address individuals’ issues. Crucial started when Romania’s backwoods were unprotected. Much has been accomplished however trade and protection are in th

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